First Aid for Minor Burns (First Degree):
  • Run cool water over the burned area or soak it in a cool water bath for five minutes, if the skin is not broken.  If burn occurred in cold atmosphere, DO NOT apply water.
  • Reassure victim and take care to keep them calm.
  • Cover burn with a sterile non-adhesive bandage or clean cloth.
  • Protect the burn from pressure or friction.
  • Over-the-counter pain medication can be used to reduce pain.
  • Minor burns will often heal without seeking further treatment.
First Aid for Severe Burns (Second & Third Degree):
  • DO NOT remove burned clothing; however take care to ensure that the victim is not in contact with burning or smoldering material.
  • Make sure victim is breathing. If victim is not breathing or airway is blocked, then open the airway and perform CPR.
  • If victim is breathing, cover the burn with a cool moist sterile bandage or clean cloth. DO NOT use a blanket or towel; DO NOT apply ointments and DO NOT break blisters.
  • Elevate burned area and protect the burn from pressure or friction.
  • Take steps to prevent shock.
  • Continue to monitor victim’s vital signs.


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