Sustaining a personal injury can be a traumatic experience for anyone. It can leave you with physical, emotional, and financial difficulties and may require significant medical attention. However, if the injury was caused by someone else’s negligence, you may be entitled to compensation through a personal injury lawsuit. 

In Boston, as in other cities, personal injury cases typically proceed to trial if they cannot be resolved through a settlement. This article will provide you with a step-by-step guide on what to expect in a personal injury trial in Boston.

Step 1: Pretrial Conference 

Before the actual trial begins, the court will usually schedule a pretrial conference. This is a meeting between the parties involved in the case, including the judge, the plaintiff’s attorney, and the defendant’s attorney. The pretrial conference aims to discuss any outstanding issues and resolve them before the trial begins. Some of the problems that may be addressed during a pretrial conference include the following:


Discovery is the process by which both sides exchange information relevant to the case. This can include documents, witness statements, and medical records. During the pretrial conference, the parties will discuss whether any additional discovery is needed and how it will be conducted.


Motions are requests made to the court by one party asking for a ruling on a particular issue. For example, a defendant may file a motion to dismiss the case, or a plaintiff may file a motion to compel the defendant to produce certain documents. The parties will discuss any outstanding motions during the pretrial conference.


If the parties have not yet settled, the pretrial conference may be an opportunity to discuss settlement options. The judge may also encourage the parties to attempt to settle the case before the trial begins.

Step 2: Jury Selection

In a personal injury trial, the plaintiff has the burden of proving that the defendant was negligent and that their negligence caused the plaintiff’s injuries. This is done through presenting evidence and witness testimony. Then, a jury is selected to hear the evidence and decide whether the defendant is liable and, if so, how much compensation the plaintiff is entitled to.

During the jury selection process, the court will ask potential jurors questions to determine if they are impartial and can make a fair decision. The attorneys for both sides may also ask questions to help them select jurors likely to be sympathetic to their client’s case.

Step 3: Opening Statements

Once the jury has been selected, the trial will begin with opening statements from both sides. First , the plaintiff’s attorney will present the case and explain what they intend to prove to the jury. The defendant’s attorney will then have an opportunity to present their side of the story and explain why they are not liable for the plaintiff’s injuries.

Step 4: Presentation of Evidence

After the opening statements, the plaintiff’s attorney will present their evidence to the jury. This can include witness testimony, documents, and physical evidence such as photographs or medical records. The defendant’s attorney will then have an opportunity to cross-examine the witnesses and challenge the evidence presented by the plaintiff.

Once the plaintiff has presented their case, the defendant’s attorney will have an opportunity to present their evidence. This may include witness testimony, documents, and physical evidence. The plaintiff’s attorney will then have an opportunity to cross-examine the witnesses and challenge the evidence presented by the defendant.

Step 5: Closing Arguments

After both sides have presented their evidence, they will have an opportunity to make closing arguments. This is the final opportunity for each attorney to persuade the jury that their client is in the right. The plaintiff’s attorney will typically go first, followed by the defendant’s attorney. During their closing arguments, the attorneys will summarize the evidence presented during the trial and make their final appeal to the jury.

Step 6: Jury Instructions

After the closing arguments, the judge will provide the jury with instructions on the law that applies to the case. The instructions will explain the legal standard the jury must apply when making their decision. The judge will also provide the jury with a verdict form to fill out after they have made their decision.

Step 7: Deliberation and Verdict

Once the jury has received the instructions and verdict form, they will begin deliberating. Deliberation can take hours or days, depending on the case’s complexity. During deliberation, the jury will discuss the evidence presented during the trial and try to reach a unanimous decision on whether the defendant is liable and, if so, how much compensation the plaintiff is entitled to.

Once the jury has reached a verdict, they will fill out the verdict form and present it to the judge. The judge will then read the verdict in open court.

Step 8: Post-Trial Motions and Appeals

After the verdict has been delivered, either party may file post-trial motions or appeals. Post-trial motions are requests made to the court to alter the verdict or order a new trial. Appeals are requests made to a higher court to review the trial court’s decision.


Question- What can I  expect in a personal injury trial?

Answer- If your personal injury case goes to court, you can expect to present your case before a judge and possibly a jury. You’ll have to prove that the defendant’s negligence or wrongdoing caused your injuries and that you deserve compensation for your losses. Both sides will present evidence and testimony during the trial, and the judge or jury will decide based on the evidence presented.

Question- How long do most personal injury cases take?

Answer-The length of a personal injury case can vary widely depending on the complexity of the case and the specific circumstances involved. Some cases can be resolved quickly in a matter of months, while others can take several years. Typically, cases that involve more severe injuries, more complex legal issues, and a higher amount of damages at stake tend to take longer to resolve.

Question- What can I expect from a personal injury consultation?

Answer-During a personal injury consultation, you can expect to discuss the specifics of your case with an attorney. The attorney will ask you questions about how your injury occurred, the extent of your injuries, and their impact on your life. They will also evaluate the strength of your case and provide you with an assessment of the compensation you may be able to receive. They may also explain the legal process, including the potential timeline and outcomes. It’s important to come prepared with any documentation related to your case, such as medical records or police reports, so that the attorney can evaluate it more thoroughly.

Get  justice with Boston’s premier law firm at your side

Now that you know that dealing with a personal injury in Boston can be a lengthy and complex process, you can see why getting the help of a lawyer is an important step in seeking compensation for your injuries. A lawyer will help you know what to expect, which can help you prepare for the trial and feel more comfortable throughout the process. In addition, by working with an experienced personal injury attorney, you can increase your chances of success and ensure that your rights are protected throughout the trial.

If you have suffered an injury due to someone else’s negligence, Swartz & Swartz can help. We are a highly reputable law firm with a proven track record of success in representing clients in a wide range of legal matters. With our dedicated team of experienced attorneys, we strive to provide personalized attention to every client. If you’re looking for a law firm that is committed to achieving the best possible outcomes for its clients, Swartz & Swartz is the right choice for you.

Need Help?

If you or someone you know, needs help from a lawyer, contact the law offices of Swartz & Swartz, use our live chat, or send us a message using the form below and we’ll get in touch to assess your case and how we can help.

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About the Author: James Swartz
Mr. Swartz, our Managing and Principal Attorney at Swartz & Swartz P.C., is a nationally recognized and respected trial attorney as well as consumer advocate. His practice focuses on cases involving negligence, torts, products liability, medical malpractice, wrongful death, and other claims involving catastrophic injuries.

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